Typha minima

(Cattail, Dwarf)


Hardiness Zones:

 10a  10b  11  3a  3b  4a  4b  5a  5b  6a  6b  7a  7b  8a  8b  9a  9b

Quick Overview:

Dwarf cattail (also miniature cattail or least cattail) is native to marshes and wetlands in Europe and Asia. This is the smallest of the cattails, typically growing to only 18? (less frequently to 24?) tall. Its dwarf size makes it an ideal marginal aquatic perennial for smaller water gardens, pools and tubs. Features narrow, upright, grass-like, linear, mostly basal, green leaves and a stiff, unbranched central flower stalk. Plants are monoecious, with each flower stalk being topped by two sets of minute flowers densely packed into a cylindrical inflorescence. Yellowish male (staminate) flowers are located at the top of the inflorescence and greenish female (pistillate) flowers are located underneath. In this species, the staminate and pistillate flowers are sometimes but not always separated by a short naked segment. Flowers bloom in summer. After bloom, the male flowers rapidly disperse, leaving a naked stalk tip. The pollinated female flowers turn rich brown as the seeds mature, forming a rounded fruiting spike (to only 2? long in this species). Foliage turns yellow-brown in autumn. Fruiting spikes usually persist to early winter before disintegrating. Cattails are valued for both fresh and dried flower arrangements.

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Easily grown in rich loams in full sun to part shade in water to 12? deep. Cattails are aggressive colonizers that if left unrestrained will crowd out most other marginal plants. Plant in containers or tubs to restrain spread. If planted directly in the muddy shallows of ponds or pools, site plants carefully because the roots go deep and are hard to eradicate once established. Plants may self-seed.

Additional information

Common Name

Cattail, Dwarf

Botanical Name

Typha minima


1 gallon

Evergreen or Deciduous


Hardiness Zone

10a, 10b, 11, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Growth Rate


Light Requirements

Part-shade, Part-sun, Sun





Soil Condition

Wet Soils

Water Needs


Blooming Period


Flower Color




Foliage Color


Deer Resistant


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