Typha laxmannii

(Cattail, Graceful)


Hardiness Zones:

 10a  10b  11  4a  4b  5a  5b  6a  6b  7a  7b  8a  8b  9a  9b

Quick Overview:

Graceful cattail is native to marshes and wetlands in Europe and Asia. It is a marginal aquatic perennial that spreads by creeping rhizomes to form dense colonies in shallow water. Features narrow, upright, sword-like, linear, mostly basal, green leaves (to 5′ tall) and a stiff, unbranched central flower stalk that is typically equal to or slightly less than the height of the leaves. Plants are monoecious, with each flower stalk being topped by two sets of minute flowers densely packed into a cylindrical inflorescence. Yellowish male (staminate) flowers are located at the top of the inflorescence and greenish female (pistillate) flowers are located underneath. In this species, the staminate and pistillate flowers are separated by a gap of up to 2? of stalk. Flowers bloom in summer. After bloom, the male flowers rapidly disperse, leaving a naked stalk tip. The pollinated female flowers turn brown as the seeds mature, forming the familiar cylindrical, sausage-like, cattail fruiting spike (to 4? long in this species).  (Courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens Plant Finder)

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Easily grown in rich loams in full sun to part shade in water to 12? deep. Cattails are aggressive colonizers that if left unrestrained will crowd out most other marginal plants. Plant in containers or tubs to restrain spread. If planted directly in the muddy shallows of ponds or pools, site plants carefully because the roots go deep and are hard to eradicate once established. Plants may self-seed.  (Courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens Plant Finder)

Additional information

Common Name

Cattail, Graceful

Botanical Name

Typha laxmannii


3 gallon

Evergreen or Deciduous


Hardiness Zone

10a, 10b, 11, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Growth Rate


Light Requirements

Part-shade, Part-sun, Sun





Soil Condition

Wet Soils

Water Needs


Blooming Period


Flower Color




Foliage Color


Deer Resistant


Berry Color

Brown seed-head

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