Typha angustifolia

(Narrow Leaf Cattail)


Hardiness Zones:

 10a  10b  11  4a  4b  5a  5b  6a  6b  7a  7b  8a  8b  9a  9b

Quick Overview:

Narrowleaf cattail is easily identifiable from a distance because of its distinctive, narrow, blade-like green leaves (each to 5’ long and 5/16” wide) and its stiff unbranched flower stalk which blooms from May to July and is topped by a poker-like, sausage-brown flower spike (5/8 to 1 1/4” diameter) which purportedly resembles a cattail.  The familiar brown spike gradually dries and falls apart with its seed clumps scattering to the wind. Feather-like plumes of tiny brown hairs attached to each seed aid in this dispersal.  (Courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens Plant Finder)


Easily grown in rich loams in full sun to part shade in soils ranging from wet to standing water to 12” deep. Cattails are aggressive colonizers. If left unrestrained, they will crowd out most other water margin plants. If planted directly in the muddy shallows of ponds or pools, site plants carefully because the roots go deep and are hard to eradicate once established. Plants often establish themselves on shore and then migrate outward into the shallows sometimes spreading throughout a pond or swampy area. Plant may be sited in containers or tubs to restrain invasive spread. Water deeper than 12” will also restrain invasive spread. Plants may self-seed. Tolerates severe degradation of wetlands and is sometimes the last wetland species to surviv  (Courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens Plant Finder)

Additional information

Common Name

Narrow Leaf Cattail

Botanical Name

Typha angustifolia


2 gallon

Evergreen or Deciduous


Hardiness Zone

10a, 10b, 11, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Growth Rate


Light Requirements

Part-shade, Part-sun, Sun





Soil Condition

Wet Soils

Water Needs


Blooming Period


Flower Color




Foliage Color


Deer Resistant


Berry Color

Brown seed-head

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