Trachycarpus fortunei

('Windmill', Palm)


Hardiness Zones:

 10a  10b  7a  7b  8a  8b  9a  9b

Quick Overview:

Windmill palm is native to subtropical and temperate mountain forests of China where it typically grows to 20-40′ (sometimes to 60′) tall with a solitary trunk densely covered with hair-like fibers from old leaf sheaths. From the top of the trunk, large palmate fan-shaped dark green leaves (to 3′ wide) push outward in all directions on 2-3′ long petioles in a form purportedly resembling a windmill. Leaves are segmented about half way, with the segment tips often drooping. In cultivation in cold winter areas of USDA Zones 6-7, windmill palm will typically grow at most to 8-10′ tall. For a palm, it has excellent winter hardiness. Attractive yellowish flowers in drooping panicles (to 2′ long) bloom in summer. Female flowers (plants are dioecious) give way to dark blue drupes.  (Courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens Plant Finder)

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In a protected location, this windmill palm is considered to be winter hardy to USDA Zone 7. It is typically grown in organically rich, moderately fertile, evenly moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best performance is in part shade. Site in protected locations that are sheltered from winter winds. Mature plants will usually survive 10 degree F. temperatures in winter (sometime colder). Of the trunked palms, windmill palm has the best winter hardiness.  Plant crown may need protection (e.g. plastic sheet) when temperatures head toward single digits. Mulch around the base of the plant in winter.  (Courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens Plant Finder)

Additional information

Common Name

'Windmill', Palm

Botanical Name

Trachycarpus fortunei


7 gallon

Evergreen or Deciduous


Hardiness Zone

10a, 10b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Growth Rate


Light Requirements

Part-shade, Part-sun, Sun


to 10 ft.


to 8 ft.

Soil Condition


Water Needs


Blooming Period


Flower Color




Foliage Color


Deer Resistant


Berry Color


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