Ilex verticillata ‘Winter Red’

('Winter Red', Winterberry)


Hardiness Zones:

 3a  3b  4a  4b  5a  5b  6a  6b  7a  7b  8a  8b  9a  9b

Quick Overview:

‘Winter Red’ is a female winterberry cultivar that typically matures to 6-8′ tall. Among winterberry cultivars, it is noted for heavy fruiting, bright red fruit color and good retention of the bright fruit color throughout winter. It is a slow-growing, deciduous, suckering shrub with an upright rounded habit. Lustrous dark green leaves (to 3-5″ long). Relatively inconspicuous whitish flowers appear in the leaf axils in late spring. Flowers, if properly pollinated, give way to a profuse crop of bright red berries (3/8″ diameter) in fall. Berries are quite showy and will persist throughout the winter (hence the common name) often to early spring. Berries provide considerable impact and interest to the winter landscape. Generally one male winterberry (such as I. verticillata ‘Apollo’) will be sufficient for pollinating 9-10 ‘Winter Red’ plants.

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Easily grown in average, acidic, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Adaptable to both light and heavy soils, but prefers moist, acidic, organic loams. Good tolerance for poorly drained soils including wet boggy or swampy conditions (this species is native to swampy areas of Eastern North America). Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Flowers appear on new growth. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears.

Additional information

Common Name

'Winter Red', Winterberry

Botanical Name

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red' PP#4146


3 gallon

Evergreen or Deciduous


Hardiness Zone

3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Growth Rate


Light Requirements

Part-sun, Sun


8 ft.


8 ft.

Soil Condition

Wet Soils

Water Needs


Blooming Period


Flower Color




Foliage Color


Deer Resistant


Berry Color


Fall Color


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