Chaenomeles x superba ‘Texas Scarlet’

('Texas Scarlet', Flowering Quince)


Hardiness Zones:

 5a  5b  6a  6b  7a  7b  8a  8b  9a  9b

Quick Overview:

‘Texas Scarlet’ is a hybrid flowering quince (C. japonica x C. speciosa) noted for its bright red flowers and compact shape. It is a dense, broad-rounded, deciduous shrub with often-tangled, occasionally spiny-tipped twigs. It typically grows to 3-4′ tall and to 4-5′ wide. Single watermelon red flowers (to 2″ diameter) bloom, often in profusion, before the leaves fully unfold in an early spring bloom. Flowers are followed by hard, yellowish-green fruits (2.5″ quinces) that may acquire red tinges as they mature in autumn. Quinces are edible, but usually are considered too bitter to be eaten directly from the shrub. Quinces are sometimes used in preserves and jellies. Glossy dark green leaves.  No fall color.

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Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best flowering occurs in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soil conditions, but prefers well-drained loams. Established plants tolerate dryish soils. Plants bloom on old growth. Avoid heavy pruning. Prune to shape as needed in spring after flowering to stimulate growth of flowering spurs which will improve bloom for the following year (although such pruning will reduce fruit production for the current year). Promptly remove root suckers to control possible spread.

Additional information

Common Name

'Texas Scarlet', Flowering Quince

Botanical Name

Chaenomeles x superba 'Texas Scarlet'


3 gallon

Evergreen or Deciduous


Hardiness Zone

5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b

Growth Rate


Light Requirements

Part-shade, Part-sun, Sun


to 4 ft.


to 5 ft.

Soil Condition


Water Needs


Blooming Period

Late winter

Flower Color




Foliage Color


Deer Resistant


Berry Color

greenish yellow

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